Achieving periodontal health is the foundation of a stunning smile!
Call us to book a consultation for periodontal therapy.
Periodontal health is achieved through periodontal therapy. Often referred to as a dental cleaning, periodontal therapy involves cleaning the teeth and sulcus (space around the tooth) to improve the health of the periodontium (the tissues that both surround and support the teeth – the foundation). This therapy is implemented, by either a dentist or a registered dental hygienist, to manage gingivitis and periodontitis.
Everyone at some time has experienced gingivitis. When plaque (bacteria) and its toxin by-products irritate the gums some or all of the 5 cardinal signs of inflammation may be evident in the mouth:
- Bleeding, and
- Loss of function
An individual may notice bleeding and/or redness, even some degree of pain, when brushing and flossing – possibly while eating. Besides possible trauma to the tissue, the next most likely cause of the inflammation is bacteria left near, on or under the gum tissue. Gingivitis can usually be resolved by removing the soft and hard debris with professional dental hygiene therapy and good homecare.
If gingivitis is not controlled, then it has the potential to develop into periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can result in destruction of:
- Gum tissue
- Supporting bone, and
- Periodontal ligaments
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar) becoming firmly attached to the teeth, which can only be effectively removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. This calculus, rough and porous in nature, is a perfect home for bacteria to proliferate. The body attempts to respond to this bacterial invasion with the production of pus, and enzymes that unfortunately destroy our own bone. If pus is not able to drain, then a periodontal abscess can develop also destroying bone. Ultimately, if left to progress without treatment, then teeth will become very loose and may be lost – the 5th cardinal sign of inflammation – loss of function, chewing function.
During a comprehensive periodontal examination we will gather critical information to assess the health of the periodontium (gums, bone, and periodontal ligaments) utilizing the following tools:
- Periodontal probing (millimeter measurements around each tooth)
- Visual and palpable examination
- Dental radiographs (x-rays), and
- A medical health history
Consequently, individualized dental hygiene treatment recommendations can be determined.
Regular professional hygiene treatment, good homecare and a balanced diet help to treat the inflammation associated with gingivitis and periodontitis. These elements will not only help manage gingivitis and periodontal disease, but current research also shows this management of oral inflammation may help with the management of other chronic inflammatory conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease – it may even help reduce complications during pregnancy.
Everyone is unique. Each client at Kesteven Dental Care studio is treated as such. Everything from the frequency and type of periodontal therapy, to comfort, and to homecare recommendations is based upon an individualized examination, your needs, wants and preferences. Our team is here to provide you with support through knowledge, treatment, and feedback. Achieving and maintaining periodontal health is a continuous process and so is our support to our clients through this process
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